Saturday, November 30, 2019
Management Programme Term-End Examination Essay December, 2005 MS95 (S) : RESEARCH METHODOLOGY FOR MANAGEMENT DECISIONS Time: 3 hours Maximum Marks: 100 (Weightage 70%) Note : (i) This paper contains two sections, Section A and B. Section A contains five questions. Attempt any four questions from this section. Section B is compulsory (ii) Statistical tables may be provided. (iii) Use of own non-programmable calculator is allowed. SECTION A 1. A local supermarket has experienced a decline in unit sales and little change in rupee value sales. Profits have almost vanished. The chief executive in searching for ways to revitalize the operation, was advised to increase the number of hours the market is open for business. He comes to you for advice in structuring a research problem that will provide relevant information for decision making, Define the research problem taking care to : (15) (a) state the relevant question. (b) enumerate the alternative answers. (c) clearly define the units of analysis and characteristics of interest. 2. A sample may be large yet worthless because it is not random; or it may be random but unreliable because it is small. Comment upon the above statement and explain the importance of sampling in daily life. (15) 3. What do you understand by factor analysis ? Mention the purpose and uses of factor analysis. (15) 4. What are the seven elements of communication, which are relevant for making a presentation ? Discuss. (15) 5. Write short notes on any three of the following : (15) (a) Objective charac teristics and Inferred characteristics (b) Editing of primary data c) Operating and Strategic decisions (d) Ordinal Scale (e) Audio-visual aids in presentation of reports SECTION B 6. Describe the semantic differential scale. Use the semantic differential technique to develop the profile of three television manufacturing companies in India. (20) 7. A random sample of 30 students obtained the following marks in a class test : (20) Test the hypothesis that their median score is more than 50. 58 55 25 32 26 85 44 80 33 72 10 42 15 46 64 39 38 30 36 65 72 46 54 36 89 94 25 74 66 29 We will write a custom essay sample on Management Programme Term-End Examination specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Management Programme Term-End Examination specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Management Programme Term-End Examination specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer
Posted by Unknown at 3:48 AM
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
Coase believed that it was important to enquire Ã¢â¬Å"why co-ordination is the work of the price mechanism in one case and the entrepreneur in the otherÃ¢â¬ . How did Coase ultimately explain the choice between the alternatives? Using an industry of your choice illustrate how CoaseÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of the firm helps explain the organisation of firms within that industry. Introduction Based predominantly on the work Ã¢â¬Å"The Nature of the FirmÃ¢â¬ (1937), in which R.H. Coase explored, in depth, the reasons for the emergence of organisational management through entrepreneurialism in the economic environment, this paper aims to outline and explain the concept of co-ordination of the factors of production, and the place of the price mechanism and role of the firm within the economic system. We will also attempt to highlight the threshold of the price mechanism and entrepreneurial co-ordination, and explain that upon which the choice between alternatives is based, whilst endeavouring to apply our conclusions towards practical example from IrelandÃ¢â¬â¢s modern-day industrial environment. Price Mechanism & the Entrepreneur The key to resolving the conflict between the independent price mechanism and managerial forms of co-ordination within the economic system is to interpret and understand the cost advantages and disadvantages of using the market, or command and control, to get things done. Coase introduces the equilibrium concept in his 1937 paper by referring to Sir Arthur SalterÃ¢â¬â¢s model of the economic system. In this system, Ã¢â¬Å"supply is adjusted to demandÃ¢â¬ ¦ by a process that is automatic, elastic and responsiveÃ¢â¬ (Coase 1937). The price mechanism allows for the economic assumption that firms are unnecessary, as the market is in a position to efficiently co-ordinate production without guidance or control. A primary method or conveying the operation of market co-ordination is to look at the concept of Ã¢â¬Ëperfect competitionÃ¢â¬â¢, wher... Free Essays on Coase - Price Mechanism And The Entrepreneur Free Essays on Coase - Price Mechanism And The Entrepreneur Coase believed that it was important to enquire Ã¢â¬Å"why co-ordination is the work of the price mechanism in one case and the entrepreneur in the otherÃ¢â¬ . How did Coase ultimately explain the choice between the alternatives? Using an industry of your choice illustrate how CoaseÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of the firm helps explain the organisation of firms within that industry. Introduction Based predominantly on the work Ã¢â¬Å"The Nature of the FirmÃ¢â¬ (1937), in which R.H. Coase explored, in depth, the reasons for the emergence of organisational management through entrepreneurialism in the economic environment, this paper aims to outline and explain the concept of co-ordination of the factors of production, and the place of the price mechanism and role of the firm within the economic system. We will also attempt to highlight the threshold of the price mechanism and entrepreneurial co-ordination, and explain that upon which the choice between alternatives is based, whilst endeavouring to apply our conclusions towards practical example from IrelandÃ¢â¬â¢s modern-day industrial environment. Price Mechanism & the Entrepreneur The key to resolving the conflict between the independent price mechanism and managerial forms of co-ordination within the economic system is to interpret and understand the cost advantages and disadvantages of using the market, or command and control, to get things done. Coase introduces the equilibrium concept in his 1937 paper by referring to Sir Arthur SalterÃ¢â¬â¢s model of the economic system. In this system, Ã¢â¬Å"supply is adjusted to demandÃ¢â¬ ¦ by a process that is automatic, elastic and responsiveÃ¢â¬ (Coase 1937). The price mechanism allows for the economic assumption that firms are unnecessary, as the market is in a position to efficiently co-ordinate production without guidance or control. A primary method or conveying the operation of market co-ordination is to look at the concept of Ã¢â¬Ëperfect competitionÃ¢â¬â¢, wher...
Posted by Unknown at 12:08 AM
Friday, November 22, 2019
The history of African musical instruments is rich and diverse as the people that populate the African continent. Because music Is so deeply rooted in African culture, knowing about African instruments helps you understand the continent as well as the people. Apart from Africans themselves, this knowledge Is usually restricted to ethnomusicology and historians. The roots of African-American Instruments are burled deep within the music of the African continent. The history and evolution of African-Americans instruments are as rich and complex as the history of AfricanAmericans themselves. The essence of African-American Instruments Lies In Its expression of the human experience. Although the different styles vary widely In their tone, topic and the tools used to produce them, African-American Instruments have the ability to cross all color and culture lines. Styles such as the blues, country, jazz, gospel and hip hop have spread their Influence all over the world. Drums, banjo, and shakers have been a important key to making beautiful, inspiring music. Drumming was an important part of many African musical and religious radiation.The drum heads at either end of the drums wooden body are made from hide, fish-skin or other membranes which are wrapped around a wooden hoop. Leather cords or thongs run the length of the drums body and are wrapped around both hoops; when you squeeze these cords under your arm, the drum heads tighten, changing the instruments pitch. Drums served as an early form of long distance communication, and were used during ceremonial and religious functions. Ceremonial functions could include dance, rituals, story-telling and communication of points of order.The traditional drumming found in Africa is actually of three different types. Firstly, a rhythm can represent an idea (or signal). Secondly it can repeat the profile of a spoken utterance or thirdly it can simply be subject to musical laws. Drum Communication were based on actual natural languages. The sounds produced are conventionalism or idiomatic signals based on speech patterns. The messages are normally very stereotyped and context-dependent. By playing the drums the slaves would send warnings such as, the king is approaching or the enemy is attacking.After the work day was over, slaves would get together and sing out affirmations, pledges and prayers that they eventually lengthened out with repetitive choruses. At first, they accompany their vocals with handmade drums, but slave owners soon grew worrisome that this may be some sort of signal being made from one set of slaves to another that would ultimately lead to a revolt so the use of drums was abolished. African Instruments By Serenading populate the African continent. Because music is so deeply rooted in African culture, the people.Apart from Africans themselves, this knowledge is usually restricted to ethnomusicology and historians. The roots of African-American instruments are buried deep within the music of the African continent. The history and evolution of Americans themselves. The essence of African-American instruments lies in its expression of the human experience. Although the different styles vary widely in their tone, topic and the tools used to produce them, African-American instruments jazz, gospel and hip hop have spread their influence all over the world.
Posted by Unknown at 7:31 AM
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Social Marketing Campaign for Youth Gangs - Assignment Example This essay declares that the proliferation of gangs is a national and local issue. The young ages of gang members and resulting individual and collective deviant behaviours make them a particular national concern. The basic age range of gang members is between 12 and 24 years, with the average ages of 17 and 18 years. These are children who should be studying in school and being moulded by society to reach for their dreams and upmost potentials. Instead, they are engaging in deviant and criminal behaviours. States and local communities also experience a rising incidence of gang membership. This paper makes a conclusion that in Atlanta, International Robbing Crew and 30 Deep are two of the largest gangs. They are mostly involved in drugs and robberies. The literature on the social context of gang membership contains numerous contradictions. Albert Cohen advances a subculture theory that seeks to explain why the youth join gangs. In particular, a gang provides them the opportunity to belong, to develop their sense of masculinity, to do something that is Ã¢â¬Å"valuableÃ¢â¬ , or to fight middle-class society and authority follows the study of psychologist Erik Erikson to understand gang membership. Erik Erikson argues that identity is a Ã¢â¬Å"developmental phenomenonÃ¢â¬ shaped by the social conditions and internal developmental processes. A social and cultural background that provides for the identity formation process and helps adolescents achieve their human identity needs is beneficial to a robust identity formation.
Posted by Unknown at 9:30 PM
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Davis vs. the Board of County Commissioners of Doa Ana County - Essay Example The court concludes that Dona Ana Country deserves to be accountable for negligent referral (misinterpretation) due to positive references. When Herrera got a position as the mental health technician, he was allegedly accused of sex assault by the plaintiff and physically abused female patients. In case an organization provides misleading references that can contribute to the harm of employees in the new job, the jurisdictions have the right to sue that organization for the negligent referral. According to Kohn, Kohn and Colapinto, the court of appeal has the right to judge Steele and Mochen for not taking into considerations the harm caused to the third party and the risk that may be encountered in the end. The government has the laws that protect all employees and the third parties in an organization from any harm imposed upon them. The US departments of Labor and its divisions have varied laws, which can shield third parties or employees in the workplace. Cases of negligent or a m isinterpretation of any information provided regarding employees that may pose risks to other employees is illegal. Therefore, the court made it very clear that Herrera was not supposed to provide employment reference since he was a former employee at MVH. Therefore, Herrera could have remained silent, but in case he chose to present the reference, the MVH has a duty to present factual information about him. However, since Sleeve and Mochen made a decision of presenting signed written misinterpreted information by omitting HerreraÃ¢â¬â¢s references, they were liable for this action. This is because Herrera could not be trusted as an employee who could deliver effective services as his behaviors could bear worse results; thus portraying a bad image to the company. Should it have mattered that the former employerÃ¢â¬â¢s investigation was not able to confirm all of the allegations against Herrera? Explain your answer. It should have mattered that the former employerÃ¢â¬â¢s invest igation was not able to confirm all the allegations against Herrera because the decision relied upon legal issues. This legal issue places an individual who either deliberately or negligently offers false information to another party for the physical assault,
Posted by Unknown at 1:21 AM
Saturday, November 16, 2019
Feudal Systems Essay The Japanese and European feudal systems were very much alike yet different in their own ways. JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s feudal system was composed of peasants, samurais, daimyos, shoguns and emperors. Then there was the European feudal system. It was composed of serfs, knights, church officials, nobles, kings and queens. In Japan, there was an emperor. The emperor did not do much, he was more like a figure head and he did not make any laws. He was just there to represent the country. The shogun was the person who not only make and pass laws, but controlled finances and the daimyos. The daimyos were lords that controlled samurai, which were warrior protectors for wealthy land owners. Samurai followed a code of behavior called the Bushido, or the Ã¢â¬Å"way of the warriorÃ¢â¬ . The Bushido stated that samurai were to be brave, loyal and honorable. The wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t complain when they received physical hardship, they did not fear death. If a samurai was defeated or disobeyed their masters, they were to form a ceremonial suicide called Seppuku. It was a way to dishonor with defeat. Last but not least, there were the peasants. They were mostly farmers and traders. Unlike JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s feudal system, in the European feudal system, the king and queen controlled nobles, the church and peasants. Nobles or lords owned land and they would grant part of their land to peasants. The grant was called a fief. These peasants would use about two thirds of the land for farming and they would give some of the crops to the lord. Nobles and lords also controlled the knights. Knights were just like samurai in Japan, also they follow something similar to the Bushido. It is called the chivalry and is a system of rules that told of how knights should behave towards others. Both feudal systems were from different countries but they were very much alike.
Posted by Unknown at 1:52 PM
Thursday, November 14, 2019
Both Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca and John Smith hold different attitudes regarding their accounts of Indian life. The difference in attitudes may have resulted from the difference in treatments that each man received while in captivity. De VacaÃ¢â¬â¢s experience is a humbling one. His account of Indian life is written in a thoughtful manner, and he describes the Indians kindly. While he describes his captivity as Ã¢â¬Å"melancholy and wretchedÃ¢â¬ (De Vaca 34), itÃ¢â¬â¢s clear that he harbors no ill feelings towards the Indians. He states that he and his men were treated well, that they lived as Ã¢â¬Å"free agentsÃ¢â¬ (De Vaca 32) and tried to accustom themselves to Indian life. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s highly observant of the Indian life. He records the Indian lifestyles in detail; his account reads more like a cultural anthropology study. His account of Indian life ends on a sympathetic note towards the Indians especially after he realizes his misjudgment of the Christians. Ã¢â¬Å"We often misjudge the motives of men,Ã¢â¬ de Vaca writes, Ã¢â¬Å"We thought we had effected the IndiansÃ¢â¬â¢ liberty, when the Christians were but poising to pounce (De Vaca 36).Ã¢â¬ Smith, on the other hand, describes his account in a boastful manner. His account of Indian life reads like a fantastic adventure novel in which he is the glorified hero. He continuously refers to the Indians as Ã¢â¬Å"savagesÃ¢â¬ (Smith 46) or Ã¢â¬Å"barbariansÃ¢â¬ (Smith 48) throughout his account. He even describes them as Ã¢â¬Å"devilsÃ¢â¬ (Smith 51). At one point, he thinks that the Indians are trying to Ã¢â¬Å"fat him to eat himÃ¢â¬ (Smith 50). SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s account is so incredibly dramatic that he expects Ã¢â¬Å"every hour to be put to one death or otherÃ¢â¬ (Smith 52). Also, the incident with Pocahontas saving Smith appears to be highly romanticized. SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s manner of writing, in which he writes of himself in the third person, only adds to the boastful tone of this account. It makes the entire account seem impersonal. It also makes Smith appear self-important and frivolous. One can only speculate on why there is such a huge difference in these two writersÃ¢â¬â¢ attitudes. Their backgrounds may be factors that have influenced their attitudes. For de Vaca, it may be his religious background that has influenced him and shaped his attitude. In his account, he acknowledges his religion several times. Ã¢â¬Å"My only solace in these labors was to think of the sufferings of our Redeemer, Jesus Christ, and the blood He shed for me,Ã¢â¬ de Vaca writes.
Posted by Unknown at 2:23 AM
Monday, November 11, 2019
Most senatorial bets against same-sex marriage; Enrile is lone supporter ANDREO CALONZO, GMA NewsMarch 18, 2013 12:48pm 145 6 838 (Updated 11:17 p. m. ) Most senatorial bets for the May 2013 polls rejected the legalization of same-sex marriage in the Philippines, with Cagayan Rep. Jack Enrile the only candidate expressing support for gay union, interviews conducted by GMA News Online revealed. Twenty-four of the 33 senatorial hopefuls said they are not keen on giving same-sex couples the chance to get married in the country, where over 80 percent of the citizens are Roman Catholics.Bangon Pilipinas senatorial candidate Eddie Villanueva, a religious leader who founded the Jesus is Lord Church, said he is against same-sex marriage because it is against Biblical teachings. Ã¢â¬Å"Sabi ng Good Book, huwag gayahin Ã¢â¬Ëyung nangyari sa Sodom and Gomorrah dahil darating ang paggunaw sa isang bansa Ã¢â¬Ëpag Ã¢â¬Ëyun ay ginawa,Ã¢â¬ Villanueva said in an interview. Ang Kapatiran Part y senatorial bet Rizalito David, meanwhile, said same-sex marriage is Ã¢â¬Å"against natural law. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Ang lalaki, ang mapapangasawa niya ay babae, at sila'y mag-aanak at dadami ang sangkatauhan. Yan ang naturang batas at hindi kailanman nagkaroon sa natural law na pwede ang parehong babae o parehong lalaki,Ã¢â¬ David said in a separate interview. David's party lists in its political platform a Ã¢â¬Å"spiritual dimensionÃ¢â¬ to Ã¢â¬Å"seek first the Kingdom of God and His righteousness. Ã¢â¬ The issue on same-sex marriage recently came back to public attention with the election of a new head of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Francis. As a cardinal, the new pontiff openly opposed a bill to legalize same-sex unions in Argentina. He even described child adoption by couples of the same-sex as a form of discrimination to the child. A chance for happiness' Only one senatorial hopeful, Cagayan Rep. Jack Enrile, said he supports the legalization of gay unions in the Phil ippines. Ã¢â¬Å"Let's give everybody a chance for happiness. Let us not discriminate. If it is your inclination to be happy with a man, why discriminate against that? Ã¢â¬ Enrile said in a separate interview. He said his view on same-sex marriage was influenced by the years he spent living in the United States. Ã¢â¬Å"I have seen in other countries couples of the same sex who have lived very upright lives and raised children,Ã¢â¬ he explained. Legal recognition' Makabayan senatorial hopeful and Bayan Muna Rep. Teodoro Casino, who did not have a categorical stand on the issue, said he is open to giving some sort of Ã¢â¬Å"legal recognitionÃ¢â¬ to couples of the same sex. Ã¢â¬Å"It's something I still have to study and learn. I'm willing to hear both sides, what the benefits and disadvantages are. I have an open mind,Ã¢â¬ Casino said. Liberal Party senatorial bet Paolo Benigno Ã¢â¬Å"BamÃ¢â¬ Aquino IV, who rejected same-sex marriage, meanwhile said he is open to giving Ã¢â¬Å"some rightsÃ¢â¬ to Ã¢â¬Å"long-termÃ¢â¬ same-sex couples.Former Akbayan Rep. Risa Hontiveros, who is also running under the administration slate, for her part said she Ã¢â¬Å"upholds the rights of same-sex couples to form families,Ã¢â¬ but added that passing an anti-discrimination bill in the country may be the proper first step towards allowing gay unions in the Philippines. Ã¢â¬â DVM/RSJ, GMA News DonÃ¢â¬â¢t expect ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s endorsement of same-sex marriage to have an impact here. It was a historical and an inspiring gesture, one that would galvanize a changing cultural perspective on same-sex relationships inside and outside America.Here, it would spark debates on our readiness for same-sex marriage, but donÃ¢â¬â¢t hold your breath: it wonÃ¢â¬â¢t alter anything here fundamentally. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t even think that this would suddenly lead President Aquino to push his allies in Congress to enact a law legalizing same-sex marriage. It just wonÃ¢â¬â¢t happ en. This is not to say that the social attitudes and behavior of Filipinos toward homosexuality and same-sex marriage are not changing. They are, and social media has triggered a shift in how we digest controversial topics that in the past have been filtered and controlled by traditional institutions, such as the Church and our schools.IÃ¢â¬â¢m not saying that Filipinos are now more pro-LGBT, but the overall mood is changing, and thereÃ¢â¬â¢s more openness to engage in an issue that is still otherwise considered taboo. Social media has democratized access to a wider range of narratives and stories on LGBTs and made them part of our common experiences, creating a climate that could help dismantle oppressive stereotypes about homosexuality. The bullying of LGBT kids in American schools, for instance, a Canadian transgender joining the Miss Universe, the coming out of Hollywood celebrities Ã¢â¬â these have all catalyzed conversations here.And while we know that these happened el sewhere, we have embraced the universal elements of these stories. More importantly, social media has given us access to participate in these conversations. To respond to a homophobic slur in the past meant writing press releases or letters to the editors, the fate of which would depend on the mood of the editors. Today, Facebook and Twitter could help anyone Ã¢â¬â the in-your-face LGBT activist, the closeted bakla, and their fag hags Ã¢â¬â push alternative perspectives on LGBTs, and influence how opinion gatekeepers and icons see the issue. Why the difficulty?If social attitudes are gradually shifting, why then is it hard to push for LGBT rights and same-sex marriage here in the Philippines? Many would automatically blame the Catholic taliban, and how it has been trying to control our political institutions. I think it is a wrong framing of the problem, and it grants the Catholic hierarchy a degree of influence that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t exist. The Church has no control over public opinion, as proven by the continuing popularity of the RH Bill despite the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines's opposition to it and by the failure of the Catholic Church to mobilize the so-called Ã¢â¬Å"Catholic vote. What we perceive to be the ChurchÃ¢â¬â¢s political influence in fact indicates a fundamental weakness in our political institutions, a democratic flaw that makes our system beholden to interest groups like the Catholic taliban. The Church is powerful; the problem is that the state is weak. Legal recognition of same-sex partnerships, whether through marriage or civil unions, would not happen by engaging or reforming the Catholic hierarchy. It is after all the business of the Church hierarchy to be dogmatic, and we should just let it collapse under the weight of its internal contradictions.We should be engaging and reforming the state and make it modern, inclusive, and truly representative. Strategic battleground For the LGBT community, that would require a change in strategy. One, it means that LGBTs must reframe the debate on homosexuality along secular and non-religious terms. While I understand why Catholic LGBTs want to carve a more tolerant space within the Catholic faith, the more strategic battleground is in the Constitution, not the Bible.Same-sex marriage is understandably a sensitive religious issue, but it is above all about our sectarian values Ã¢â¬â about basic fairness and our constitutional rights, about human dignity regardless of the sex of the people we love. Two, we need to be more forthright about gay love and gay sex. For many years, LGBT activists have skirted the issue of same-sex partnerships and gay marriage as a non-priority, relegating it under more crucial issues, like discrimination in schools and the workplace.This sends the wrong signal Ã¢â¬â that same-sex partnerships are secondary and unimportant, when ironically the root of discrimination against LGBTs is the rejection of same-sex partnerships , both the sexual and romantic sides of it. We need to embrace gay sex and gay love and feel less guilty about them. A modern state, embracing gay sex and gay love. Who said that marriage is easy? Ã¢â¬â Rappler. com (The author is coordinator of Akbayan's LGBT Collective and a member of the Philippine National AIDS Council. ) BY JONAS BAGAS POSTED ON 05/11/2012 4:04 PM | UPDATED 05/13/2012 10:45 PMUpdated March 2013 Quick facts on key provisions State law and/or constitutional provision limits marriage to relationships between a man and a woman: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California*, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming California voters adopted a constitutional provision li miting marriage to relationships between a man and a woman in November 2008. This provision was challenged in federal court and ruled unconstitutional. Enforcement of this decision has been delayed pending a U. S. Supreme Court decision on the case. Supreme Court hearings are scheduled for March 2013 and a decision is expected by June 2013. State issues marriage licenses to same-sex couples: Connecticut, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, Washington and the District of ColumbiaStates allows civil unions, providing state-level spousal rights to same-sex couples: Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, New Jersey, Rhode Island Three of these states (Delaware, Hawaii and Illinois) also have laws limiting marriage to relationships between a man and a woman. Note: In Connecticut, Vermont and New Hampshire, same-sex marriage has replaced civil unions. State grants nearly all state-level spousal rights to unmarried couples (domestic partnerships)*: California, Neva da, Oregon, Washington** **Effective June 30, 2014 domestic partnerships in Washington will be limited to couples who are 62 years of age or older.State provides some state-level spousal rights to unmarried couples (domestic partnerships)*: Hawaii, Maine, Wisconsin and the District of Columbia State legislatures have been deeply involved in the public debates about how to define marriage and whether the official recognition of Ã¢â¬Å"marriageÃ¢â¬ should be limited to relationships involving one man and one woman or that same-sex couples should also be entitled to Ã¢â¬Å"marriage. Ã¢â¬ State legislatures have gone both ways in this debate: either enacting Ã¢â¬Å"defense of marriageÃ¢â¬ laws and constitutional provisions or, going the opposite direction, adopting laws allowing same sex marriage.Five states have adopted civil unions for same-sex couples that provide the same legal rights as marriage. Most states have adopted prohibitions of same-sex marriage. Most states do so by adopting Ã¢â¬Å"defense of marriageÃ¢â¬ language that defines marriage in their state constitution and/or state law in a way similar to the language in the federal Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) Ã¢â¬âÃ¢â¬Å"the word Ã¢â¬Ëmarriage' means only a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife. Ã¢â¬ Other states prohibit same sex marriages or marriages between persons of the same sex or gender.Thirty states have placed that language in their state constitutions (26 of these states also have statutory provisions adopting this language). A further eight states have statutory language adopting the restrictive language. Note that this count does include California, where federal courts have invalidated a 2008 initiative that added constitutional language defining marriage as limited to unions involving one man and one woman. The challenge to that constitutional provision is to be heard by the U. S. Supreme Court in 2013. Nine states and the District of Columbia currently allow same-sex marriages.In Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Iowa, the statesÃ¢â¬â¢ highest courts ruled that the state constitution required that same-sex couples be accorded the same marriage rights as opposite-sex couples. In Vermont, New Hampshire, the District of Columbia and New York, Maryland and Washington, legislative bodies have passed statutory changes that allow same-sex marriages. In Maine, the legislature passed a same-sex marriage law in 2009, which was repealed in a voter referendum. In 2012, Maine voteres reversed course and approved a same-sex marriage statute. Same-sex marriages are currently being performed in those states.Several states have also expanded the legal rights available to spouses in same-sex relationships while also limiting marriage to opposite-sex couples with civil unions and domestic partnerships. Same Sex Marriages in the Philippines (Affrmative) Resolved: Same sex marriages should be legalized in the Philippines. Let me start with a quote. If homosexuality is a disease, let's all call in queer to work: Ã¢â¬Å"Hello. Can't work today, still queer. Ã¢â¬ That was by Robin Tyler. Instead of saying hey, IÃ¢â¬â¢m pulling off a sickie today, you say hey, sorry if I canÃ¢â¬â¢t go to workÃ¢â¬âIÃ¢â¬â¢m still gay. Can you imagine that kind of situation?If so, letÃ¢â¬â¢s start asking ourselves today. Why do homosexuals have to be discriminated anyway? Do they harm you or anyone in the society you live in? Same sex marriages have been an issue in the Philippines for a long time now, but since we live in a predominantly Christian country, people simply avoid further discussion of such. According to the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of Philippines, Article 2, Section 6; the separation of the church and state shall be inviolable. Meaning, no matter how grave the social issue may be, the church can never contradict the decision of the government and vice versa.It has been widely understood that the Roman Cat holic church will always be against same sex marriages considering the fact that their beliefs and principles are based from the sacred scripture. However, citizens who do not opt to engage into religious ceremonies have the option to be conjugated by means of civil wedding. It has been said under Article 7 of The Family Code of the Philippines, that marriage may be officiated by a person other than a priest, rabbi, imam or minister. Included are any incumbent members of the judiciary within the court's jurisdiction.
Posted by Unknown at 2:54 PM
Saturday, November 9, 2019
When you work at a company, your colleagues obviously constitute an important factor that conduce to an interesting or horrible job. As far as IÃ¢â¬â¢m concerned, a great colleague is an enthusiastic, responsible, and friendly person. To begin with, I believe that an enthusiastic worker will not only accomplish his or her tasks quickly but also be able to foster other people who collaborate with him or her . This is because when I was previously working in a software development team, one of my teammates always showed zeal for our projects. He agreed to do every tasks that team leader gave to. In addition, he normally finished the tasks earlier than other co-workers. This resulted in that other people in the team including me were encouraged by his great enthusiasm. We tried our best to work and complete our tasks as soon as possible. Our projects, therefore, were usually accomplished before deadline. Secondly, how do you work with irresponsible co-workers? My brother, who work in a bank, usually complains about his colleagues. Since they usually leave their position during working hours for personal activities, they donÃ¢â¬â¢t fulfill their tasks, hence my brother have to help them to carry out their ones. Consequently, for me, being responsible is always considered to be a vital trait that every co-workers needs to possess. Last but not least, friendly co-workers will create a friendly and comfortable working atmosphere that can increase the interest of employees in their job. For example, I was pressurized greatly into doing my projects one year ago. However, by communicating with friendly colleagues, I felt more relaxed and was able to perform the project completely. Furthermore, since we are friendly people, our team are capable of collaborating more efficiently. Thus, our projects are usually finished quickly. In conclusion, although I have not had many chances to work with various people yet, there may be more other characteristics to define a great colleague. However, I believe that a person who possesses enthusiastic, responsible and friendly qualities is definitely a great colleague.
Posted by Unknown at 8:53 AM
Thursday, November 7, 2019
Classification of Shoes For centuries males have often wondered the same question that for most women have an obvious answer, yet it is something that many men do not fully understand: "Why do women have so many pairs of shoes?" This subject can often be found as the brunt of jokes or even the root of large arguments between spouses. Although greatly misunderstood, the numerous array of shoes has a purpose, and every pair is meaningful.One of the most misunderstood of all shoe styles is the lady's high heel. The shoe, although often associated with the "playboy" type women, is a very elegant and appropriate shoe. High heels show off a woman's feminine side quickly. Despite the feminine side of heels, they can be quite painful and somewhat a hassle when the heel proceeds to break while walking amongst a crowd; but it is all worth it when a woman feels the power that comes with her heels.Shoes made from real crocodile skin, in a conserva...High heels are a must for any occassion, such as weddings, dates, or a nywhere she may want to impress someone.Boots are usually thought of as the army-style kind, but have been re-vamped with a feminine twist by adding different details. The most noticeable feature of this style of footwear is the shape of the toe. Since the rest of the shoe is not ordinarily seen the toe's shape is essential to her outfit. Another detail that makes the boot unique is height of the heel. It ranges from a sexy stiletto to a graceful flat. Boots are versatile, and can go with a skirt, blue jeans, and dress pants, just to name a few."Even ladies with awful legs, like huge columns, they get very masked by the boot. The best idea for covering up terrible mistakes of nature is the boot."...
Posted by Unknown at 2:49 AM
Monday, November 4, 2019
If PR professionals do their jobs well, they will serve the interests of the people who have paid them. There is a direct confl - Essay Example To aid in coming up with a clear comprehension of the communicative function of the two, a significant number of study theories and concepts have been produced by different research workers. Although the research works have not been fully able to address the subject, they have provided a wide basis as regards theoretical and conceptual notions on the subject. Thus, the most significant quest here is on the idea of the complex and conflicting communicative function of a journalist and public relations professional as regards their day-to-day interaction with their targeted user groups (Bivins 2009, p.103). Since the two professionals are closely related and have great complexity in terms of what exactly differentiates them, it is essential to have a thorough understanding of their respective fields of work. Journalism entails the process of collecting, jotting, editing of news from the public and related areas all around a specified geographic terrain. These news articles are then pre sented in newspapers, radio stations, magazines and television for broadcasting to other members of a whole nation, globally or depending on the defined geographic area to be covered. That is, a journalistÃ¢â¬â¢s daily operations involve interaction with the public in gathering and presentation of information. On the other hand, a public health professionalÃ¢â¬â¢s communicative function is almost the Ã µsame as that of a journalist (Narasimha, 2010, p. 230). Public health professionals involve themselves in putting into practice the act of performing and maintaining a strong (healthy) relationship between the organizations they work for and the members of public and respective stakeholders. That is, their communicative function essentially revolves around a close interaction and sharing of information with the public (Narasimha, 2010, p. 20). The idea in public relations is for an organization to gain exposure to their targeted audience. In the process of gaining exposure, topi cs based on public interest are usually put into practice and items are brought forward with no interest for direct payment. The most significant aim for public relation professionals is to persuade the public, business partners, investors and other stakeholders to keep into practice or mind a specific viewpoint as regards products, leadership and its political aspirations (Bivins 2009, p. 102) It is thus clear that public relation professionals and journalists almost have the same communicative functionality which possesses a conflicting birdÃ¢â¬â¢s eye view of the subject. A number of research theories, organization case studies and concepts have addressed this subject. The aim of all these is to clarify or make it clear what each profession puts into close consideration on the notion of communication and interaction with the public (Van Ruler & Vercic 2004). Public relation profession and journalism engross a key set of concepts, readings and theories that make it easy for a pr ofessional, individual or an organization to build reputation among public members and respective stakeholders. Usually businesses or organizations have to be adept in practicing public relations and to put off the idea of considering public relation as only a means of reacting to a scandal (Watson & Noble 2007). As mentioned earlier, journalism puts into close consideration several practices that are closely related or almost the same as public relations. In this
Posted by Unknown at 7:47 PM
Saturday, November 2, 2019
Portfolio Optimization - Research Paper Example ). The investor treats the national market as a global market with all its different industrial sectors where each sector symbolizes a national market. The diverse industrial sectors are to some extent uncorrelated and will provide a positive excess return and consequently should be added to the portfolio. Search for the window of opportunity with mathematical tools, the statistical result gives the investor an indication of the suitability of the opportunity in the perspective of the investorÃ¢â¬â¢s aversion to risk. When allocating the portfolio from a global point of view, it is important to be aware of that the transaction costs probably will rise to a great extent (Litterman, 2003). The efficient frontier solves the question of how to identify the best level of diversification. The concept of an efficient frontier can be applied in a number of ways. In essence, an efficient frontier is a curve on a graph representing the relationship between return and risk for a set of portfolios. For a portfolio to be on the efficient frontier, the portfolio must maximize return for a given level of risk (Litterman, 2003). It is simple concepts that risk and return are linked together and that there is a relationship between them, and thus there could be a way to determine the degree of risk that would be required for various levels of return. According to Litterman (2003). it is hard to generate high returns without exposing yourself to some kind of risk. Litterman (2003).devised what he called the efficient frontier, a trade-off graph with the expected return on one axis and risk on the other axis. It is a curve representing all portfolios that maximize the expected return for a given level of risk. The efficient frontier is simply a line drawn from the bottom left to the top right where each point on that line represents an intersection between potential reward and its corresponding level of risk. The most
Posted by Unknown at 1:24 PM